Animal testing

Animal testing has been around since at least 500 BC and in the last 100 years most medical breakthroughs regarding treatments and life-saving cures to ailments have resulted from research using animals, according to the California Biomedical Research Association.

The World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki, states it’s unethical to test on human volunteers unnecessarily before first testing on animals.

The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) supports animal testing as it also helps the animals themselves, creating their vaccines for many of their own issues, including saving endangered species from extinction. The animals being tested, such as chimpanzees and mice, share 98-99% genetic DNA, biological organs and central nervous systems to humans, and are susceptible to similar illnesses.

The Federal Animal Welfare Act (AWA) has been used in effect since 1966, in combination with local and state laws, but doesn’t include reptiles, most fish, avian or vermin such as rats and mice that are bred for research, which is about 95% of animals used for testing. The amount of animals truly used in research, around 26 million, are far less than Americans consume for food, being 9 billion domestic fowls and 150 million bovine. Notice, however, the animals used in testing, rodents, birds and fish, aren’t protected by the AWA. Interesting, no?

In the scientific case studies toward medical research and disease prevention, such as polio, rabies, brain cancer, the animals are not being treated inhumanely, as information from the Humane Society and PETA states. Any animal that is under duress would provide unreliable results thus ruining the overall research, as stated in Nature Genetics.

However, the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) gives details of the harsh chemical research for the cosmetics used by vain consumers. Understand that bug repellent should undergo a toxicological test to protect humans from malaria carried by mosquitoes, while the American woman uses 12 beauty products a day that are also tested on animals, which are often put through traumatizing events and lethal doses of toxic chemicals.

Many political and scientific figures state that animals don’t have rights, as they do not have the capability nor cognitive awareness to make moral judgments. However, Bolivia’s new protection for their social and economical respect for nature makes them the first country to give legal rights to nature in the hopes to improve the quality of life to the Bolivian people. So if not nature, why not animals?

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